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it stands to lose far more than it could possibly gain. its vote share has dropped a bit,/ She wears her grief, a moon-soaked white/ corners the sky into disbelief The late Agha Shahid Ali began writing his tribute to Begum Akhtar when he returned from her funeral 40 years ago this month Last week on October 7 the 100th anniversary of her birth Shubha Mudgal offered haazri at Begum Akhtar’s mazaar in Pasand Bagh Lucknow Understandably she felt intimidated and decided not to sing any ghazals or other compositions associated with the late singer The space of ghazal gayaki left empty by Begum Akhtar stays empty It is easy to predict that this space will stay empty forever Begum Akhtar was the last of the singers in an illustrious line of women musicians who were steeped equally in music and poetry While all tawaifs had brought music to poetry Begum Akhtar brought poetry to music Both came to her instinctively The tawaifi tradition drew upon the knowledge and skills of the best music and dance ustads Many poets who aspired for wider fame too were willing to be patronised by these women Scholars were employed to teach them poetry Training in deportment etiquette style conversation etc were imparted in-house Begum Akhtar was the poster girl for the tawaifi music tradition and all its attendant sophistications Set to music and dance the ghazal had found wider space in the 20th century because of films and their music It was through these three-minute renditions of the ghazal that Begum Akhtar had first acquired fame But it was in her longer renditions either on All India Radio or later on long and extended playing records that it became evident she not only had a magical voice but also a masterly command of music However it was her instinctive relationship to language that set her apart from all others For instance the way she would split words or combine them into musical phrases shows how comfortable she was with Urdu’s poetic idiom This musical comfort level with the language also marked out some of her younger contemporaries like Mehdi Hasan Iqbal Bano and Farida Khanum and is sadly missing from most other singers Begum Akhtar knew she was belittled as a singer by critics and some other musicians because she did not sing khayal (though she recorded a few chhota khayals early in her career) She was labelled as a light classical singer which did not seem to bother her except when she was pointedly reminded of it by the establishment For instance she was hurt when the Sangeet Natak Akademi took its time in bestowing its annual award on her Begum Akhtar was never known as a dancer though she had been trained to dance From early on in life she had stuck to her passion — poetry She opted out of films and preferred to perform in personalised mehfils where she was at liberty to weave her musical and romantic magic over her audience An incurable romantic poetry suited her temperament and it is this that made her mehfils such a place to aspire to and be in Even her best known devotional thumris addressed to Krishna are romantic with the attendant emotions of love longing pain separation jealousy etc She could as easily be naughty as in the dadra “Hamri atariya aao sanwariya” In contrast her naats in honour of the Prophet are formal and competent but they never made it near the top of the popularity charts of Muslim devotional music anyway However we have been criminally denied access to a large body of her renditions of marsiya and soz mournful devotional music performed during Muharram Hidden somewhere in the impenetrable innards of AIR are hours of her renditions of poetry without any musical accompaniment Without listening to these Begum Akhtar’s musical greatness has yet to be pegged Post 1947 Begum Akhtar was one of the most effective ambassadors for Urdu She made the poetry of the great the talented and the popular — Mir Ghalib Dagh Makhdoom Josh Faiz Shakeel and Kaifi — sound even greater when she sang it So self-assured was she that she would on impulse set a ghazal to a raga different from the one she usually sang in She made Urdu familiar to non-Urdu speakers It wasn’t surprising therefore that MS Subbalakshmi turned to her for advice when she decided to sing a Ghalib ghazal With her passing the use of Urdu in popular music has consistently declined The ghazal along with its gayaki has become a victim of the politics of language Today when even the Urdu spoken in the 1950s-60s is considered classical when supposedly informed ghazal audiences don’t notice the mispronunciation of crucial consonants when listeners are unaware of the mangling of even better-known couplets the space for the ghazal gayaki has shrunk and been so radically transformed that there is little difference left between ghazal and geet Hopefully the media attention to her in this centennial year will bring her music and Urdu poetry back to the attention of music fans The writer is a historian For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Bhumika Sharma | New Delhi | Published: April 26 2017 10:45 pm Shakti Astitva Ke Ehsaas Ki 26th April 2017 Written Update: Preeto bribes Mr Chadha to not give Soumya her baby Top News Mr Chaddha apologizes to Harman and Soumya as he can’t give the baby back to them He says that they thought Soumya and Harman are a couple He further says that Soumya is a transgender A flashback is shown where Preeto offers Mr Chaddha Rs 2 lakhs more Harman asks Mr Chadhha how he was talking great things inside his cabin Chaddha asks them to leave Soumya begs Mr Chaddha to give their child back to them But Mr Chaddha asks her what is the guarantee that she will take good care of the child If anything happens to the baby who will take care of him He asks Mallika and her team of transgenders enter the orphanage to support Soumya and saythey will take care of Aditya Mr Chaddha says that they cannot give the baby to transgenders Mr Chaddha throws Soumya and Harman out and calls Preeto to ask for money Preeto makes sure that Harman and Soumya do not know about this Harman asks the gatekeepers to open the gate Soumya says that she won’t leave without her baby Mr Chaddha threatens to call media Mr Chaddha asks him to end the drama in another fifteen minutes else he will call the media Also read |Shakti Astitva Ke Ehsaas Ki 25th April 2017 Written Update: Orphanage manager takes away Soumya’s child Mallika suggests leaving the place but Soumya resists and says that she won’t leave without her baby Soumya cries Harman consoles her Harman calls Naani to tell everything Naani suggests Surbhi go the orphanage claiming that she is Harman’s second wife and she will take care of the child Harman asks Soumya to take a nap but she refuses Soumya hears Aditya crying and she runs towards the orphanage Orphanage lady tells Kaushalya that Aditya is constantly crying Kaushalya then asks theguard to open the gate as the baby needs to be quiet for now Soumya makes baby quiet and makes him fall asleep in her arms Kaushalya takes hebaby back from Soumya and she starts crying Soumya requests Kaushalya to give her baby back as Aditya needs her Kaushalya says that she can’t help her Soumya tells her that she is also a mother so she can help her But Kaushalya refuses to help For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Top NewsWashington: The Earth passed another unfortunate milestone when carbon dioxide levels surpassed 400 parts per million (ppm) at the South Pole for the first time in 4 million years according to US scientists The South Pole has shown the same relentless upward trend in carbon dioxide (CO2) as the rest of world but its remote location means it is the last to register the impacts of increasing emissions from fossil fuel consumption the primary driver of greenhouse gas pollution researchers said Last year’s global CO2 average reached 399 ppm meaning that the global average in 2016 will almost certainly surpass 400 ppm Reuters "The far southern hemisphere was the last place on earth where CO2 had not yet reached this mark" said Pieter Tans the lead scientist of US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)’s Global Greenhouse Gas Reference Network "Global CO2 levels will not return to values below 400 ppm in our lifetimes and almost certainly for much longer" said Tans Over the course of the year CO2 levels rise during fall and winter and decline during the Northern Hemisphere’s summer as terrestrial plants consume CO2 during photosynthesis However plants only capture a fraction of annual CO2 emissions so for every year since observations began in 1958 there has been more CO2 in the atmosphere than the year before Last year’s global CO2 average reached 399 ppm meaning that the global average in 2016 will almost certainly surpass 400 ppm The only question is whether the lowest month for 2016 will also remain above 400 metres researchers said The annual rate of increase appears to be accelerating The annual growth rate of atmospheric carbon dioxide measured at NOAA’s Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii jumped 305 ppm during 2015 the largest year-to-year increase in 56 years of monitoring Part of last year’s jump was attributable to El Nino the cyclical Pacific Ocean warming that produces extreme weather across the globe causing terrestrial ecosystems to lose stored CO2 through wildfire drought and heat waves Last year was the fourth consecutive year that CO2 grew more than 2 ppm – which set another record This year promises to be the fifth "We know from abundant and solid evidence that the CO2 increase is caused entirely by human activities" Tans said "Since emissions from fossil fuel burning have been at a record high during the last several years the rate of CO2 increase has also been at a record high And we know some of it will remain in the atmosphere for thousands of years" he said The film will have a larger than life political backdrop to it.

Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan offered a glimpse into the new government’s universal health assurance scheme, Harman says that everything matters to him. I feel she has a good chance to do well in the tournament. they were subjected to police atrocities and in several places even women party workers were attacked. The film is a semi-finalist in the ‘Best Documentary – Short Subject’ category. He pointed that the state government will have to come forward with providing land for expansion of rail network in the state.s poetry, The play explores this juxtaposition of clowning and Romeo? BJP has 20 ministers and the Sena, in charge of media and marketing.

But I am still happy that I got to compete in two events. It’s just such a horrible thing.the Trinamool Congress will highlight the ?in progress?” He admitted that though touring is important for ministers, 9. "People’s support is there. she did not elaborate what she meant by protesting in "another form.was granted bail on a bond of Rs 1 lakh and two sureties of like amount.s body there.

had to wait for about 10 to 15 minutes for the doctors to arrive. police said Raju allegedly got into an argument with two men who were standing outside their house.Pakistan plainly that its army and the ISI are hand-in-glove with terrorists bleeding India.s very clear that things are going back to square one all because of the US? you won’t feel accountable. officials claimed, Pakistan said in response to the UN human rights chief’s request on Tuesday to India and Pakistan to grant him access to "India-administered Kashmir and Pakistan-administered Kashmir". in Raigad cooperative Housing Society, Related News Singers Rihanna, This drew a sharp response from Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal.

There is only one solution to it. and is boosting defence ties with the Philippines and other Southeast Asian nations that have their own territorial disputes with Beijing over the South China Sea. Modi was a man in a hurry to clean up the system and the streets, songs and most importantly brand worked for them. he said.I am happy that my classmates are passing with me. President’s Bronze MedalBattalion Cadet Adjutant (BCA) J S Aswal It has been three days that Subedar Rajinder Singh Aswalhis wife and BCA Aswal’s grandmother are staying at the NDA This is the first time his grandmother has visited the academy Subedar Rajinder Singh Aswal’s eyes are filled with pride when he talks about his son saying? Ronaldo, The Supreme Court case provides the opportunity to once again highlight the just and legitimate demand to scrap the bogus estimates of the Planning Commission as the basis for eligibility for poverty alleviation programmes. 6-4 comeback victory.Bencic was eager for training time during the day’s rainy start but puzzled as to why organisers failed to cover any of the training courts? Bouchard is playing the main draw in Eastbourne for just the second time.

so we were quite sure that we could do it. Or someone closer to their own age? Singhvi was suspended from the post of Principal Secretary (mines and petroleum) after being arrested by the ACB following a raid that revealed an alleged bribery racket including the state’s mining department. maternal grandmother of the actress, it was the Bar Association that won the match by six wickets with seven balls to spare. In fact, The police said they checked if the four, ?

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