Sac Chich Hacienda / Reyes Ríos + Larraín Arquitectos

first_imgManufacturers: ChukumColaborador:Berenice Barroso QuiabConstrucción Y Diseño Estructural:EME Constructora S.A. de C.V.Diseño De Interiores, Mobiliario Y Paisajismo:Salvador Reyes RíosCity:AcancehCountry:MexicoMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Pim SchalkwijkText description provided by the architects. A contemporary guest house isinserted in an old patio for tending agave fibers within a nineteenth centuryHenequen hacienda. Cement mixed with resin from a local tree is used as overallfinish.The proposal is synthesized in ageometrically simple volume in contraposition to the “organic and eclectic”architecture characteristic of the end of the nineteenth century thatdistinguishes the old house of the Henequen hacienda, where the guest house islocated. The spatial typology of a typical “main house” of a Yucatan haciendais recreated. It synthesizes an ancestral wisdom that takes advantage oforientation and wind direction to better adapt to the merciless weather of theregion, with a decidedly contemporary language. The Sisal House is built on thegrounds of what used to be an old patio for air drying henequen fiber. At 45 x140 meters approximately, it is surrounded by high masonry walls dating fromthe end of the nineteenth century. This construction functions as anindependent guest house for what was once the Casa de Máquinas de Hacienda SanAntonio Sacchich, 35 kilometers away from Merida, Yucatan. The guesthouseconsists of two bedrooms, two bathrooms, living room – dining room – kitchen,swimming pool and terraces totaling of 200 square meters. The design comprises a singlevolume offset into two planes, to which subtractions of various scales areapplied in order to allow for air circulation on its four sides. The plan isorganized from a single central place, which contains the living room and worksas an adjustable space that can be transformed into a terrace and fully connectto its environment. Four independent sliding glass doors, each four meterswide, are hidden in the walls to form an opening on the longitudinal axis ofthe patio. This solution lets us calibrate the natural ventilation of the spaceand grants maximum flexibility in its use and adaptation to the severe weatherconditions of Yucatan. The architecture of this new house is an antithesis to thestyle and language of the old henequen hacienda while referring to its locationwithin its context. This strategy is reinforced through the use of a stuccoprepared with white cement mixed with the resin of “Chukum”, an endemic tree.This is an ancient Mayan technique that thanks to our own research, we have beenable to recover for its use in modern architecture in Yucatan for the lastfifteen years. The coating with chukum-cement has impermeable properties andcontributes a natural color and organic texture, visual and haptic propertiesfor which we have used it as sole finish material for floors, walls, and roofs. Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Save this picture!Croquis+ 361. To design a comfortable,practical, low-maintenance house with maximum aesthetic expressiveness and theminimum use of materials and formal devices. To achieve this, we used a singlematerial as a finish for walls, roofs and floors, both indoor and outdoor. The chukum-cementstucco, which we had the fortune to rediscover and reinvent with modernmaterials when we got to Yucatan, has been the primary material of this houseand of all our office’s projects in Yucatan, where its use has slowly startedto extend  to other modern works by localarchitects.2. To use “Chukum” as the onlyfinish material for all the surfaces of an architectural project. The Chukum coatingis very delicate and imposes strong logistical restrictions on the constructionsite, given that it has a longer bonding time with cement, which precludes itsapplication during the rainy season without the proper protection. This finishdoes not allow for leveling surfaces coated on different days, which requiresstrict planning of the time and areas to coat.Save this picture!© Pim SchalkwijkSave this picture!Corte CExtensive use of the fine Chukumstucco on the house included the swimming pool and the ponds for water gardens.The resin from the Chukum tree has natural sealant properties and adds a warmoff-white pink hue without adding artificial coloring. It is obtained by boilingtwice the Chukum tree bark, using the resulting water to develop the mixture,and adding limestone. This stucco is a modern reinvention of a Mayan techniquethat used the Chukum resin mixed with lime and “Sascab” sand to coat open-airwater deposits since the prehispanic era. The viability of its applicationwithin time and budgetary constraints, using modern materials such as the whitecement, is the product of observation and experimentation promoted by thearchitect Salvador Reyes Rios, who achieved its successful application for thefirst time in Yucatan in 1996. Since then, its use has been refined andimproved in the architect’s works, and has also spread and become more popularas a finish material within Yucatan and later in works by other architects.Save this picture!© Marcelo TrochéThis project reinterprets thetraditional architectural typology of the henequen hacienda houses of Yucatan,which synthesize knowledge gathered over time about passive adaptation to theweather. Based on this, the architectural design of the house makes artificialair conditioning unnecessary. The use of the Chukum mixture completelyeliminates the need for colorings and paints. As a consequence, there is a considerablesaving of energy and maintenance costs over the entire lifespan of thebuilding. This architectural work promoted the use of local labor, giving valueto the natural sense of the “organic and imperfect” character of the work ofthe masons of the Sacchich village and other rural villages in Yucatan.Save this picture!CroquisThe thermal and acoustic insulationin roofs was achieved using high density polystyrene panels over prefabricatedconcrete slabs. Tempered glass laminated with UV film for thermal insulationwas used in every window in the house.Save this picture!© Pim Schalkwijk Save this picture!© Pim SchalkwijkProject gallerySee allShow lessFashion Mogul Commissions OMA to Convert Venice PalazzoArchitecture NewsTaiwan Solar Powered Stadium / Toyo ItoArticles Share Mexico CopyAbout this officereyes ríos + larraín arquitectosOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesAcancehMexicoPublished on March 18, 2013Cite: “Sac Chich Hacienda / Reyes Ríos + Larraín Arquitectos” [Casa Sisal – Hacienda Sac Chich / Reyes Ríos + Larraín Arquitectos] 18 Mar 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. 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Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Sac Chich Hacienda / Reyes Ríos + Larraín Arquitectos Year:  Architects: Reyes Ríos + Larraín Arquitectos Area Area of this architecture project ArchDaily “COPY” Sac Chich Hacienda / Reyes Ríos + Larraín ArquitectosSave this projectSaveSac Chich Hacienda / Reyes Ríos + Larraín Arquitectoscenter_img Area:  200 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/345345/sac-chich-hacienda-reyes-rios-larrain-arquitectos Clipboard “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/345345/sac-chich-hacienda-reyes-rios-larrain-arquitectos Clipboard CopyHouses•Acanceh, Mexico 2010 Projects Houses Save this picture!© Marcelo Troché+ 36 Sharelast_img

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