Brexit — the rupture between Britain and the European Union — was completed at midnight, Dec. 31.In a 2016 referendum, in a xenophobic, racist vote fueled by dreams of a withered and long-passed imperial glory, British voters narrowly supported a proposal to leave the European Union. Only 51.9% of the votes supported the “leave” option; in Scotland, Wales and the six counties of northeast Ireland that voted, the “remain” option won big majorities.Mass anti-Brexit protest, London, Sept. 3, 2020.The 4 1/2 years since the Brexit vote have been devoted to working out the details and settling on the necessary compromises between the British bourgeoisie and the big French and German capitalists, who essentially control the EU. There is a lot to work out since Britain has been part of the European Economic Community since 1973, although it was never part of the eurozone, keeping its own currency.There was a lot at stake. While Britain is on an island separated from the continent, it is historically, culturally and economically part of Europe. Some 250,000 small and medium British businesses find major parts of their markets in Europe. Trade between Britain and the EU amounts to nearly $68.5 billion a year, carried in about 4.5 to 5 million truckloads a year.This trade flowed without hindrance, when Britain was part of the EU. It no longer does.The financial markets in London — banks, insurance companies, stock traders — did about a third of all the financial transactions in the EU in 2018 (the last year figures are available). The negative effects of Brexit on this market, which has brought the British financial capitalists tremendous profits, might wipe the smile off their faces. How deep the British bourgeoisie will frown is yet to be determined.Other issues remain undecided, and many work-arounds could collapse. One of the major wrinkles in this Brexit deal is how the land border between the Republic of Ireland and the six counties in the northeast of Ireland that London still controls has been shifted to the Irish Sea.It is going to take a considerable amount of time to work through the 1,250 pages of the bill implementing Brexit.Effect of Brexit on workersWhile there are no official figures, it’s estimated that there are around 3.6 million EU citizens living in Britain and about 1.7 million British citizens living in the EU. Their situations are complicated, but Brexit will make thousands of these EU citizens illegal, even those who have lived in Britain for decades.The Trades Union Council of England has clearly stated its objectives on Brexit. Most of its members — at least 60% of them according to polls — oppose Brexit. The TUC wants to preserve “all the hard-won workers’ rights that come from the EU” and intends to make “sure that [British] workers get the same rights as workers in the EU into the future.” It demands “Guaranteeing the rights of EU citizens working in [Britain], and those of Brits working abroad.” (tinyurl.com/yacjzf6k)Truckers face enormous logjams because of Brexit-related delaysThe European Transport Federation, which represents truck drivers and ferry workers, has built a working alliance with Unite the Union, which is the largest union representing truck drivers and ferry workers in England and Ireland. They are both very much concerned about the delays and extra work that will result from conforming to the new customs declarations and the COVID-19 restrictions about testing and crossing borders.While truck drivers are, after agricultural workers, already the worst off in terms of working time and working conditions, the current limits imposed by European law on driving time “are the only way, although very insufficient, to ensure some safety on European roads” according to the ETF. British drivers are probably no longer covered by these regulations after Brexit, even if they are driving on the Continent.The ETF, strongly supporting the demands of Unite on the British government, points out “that the average age of truck drivers is 54 years old. They are a group of workers who have been exposed to the stress and pressure of work for decades.” (force-ouvriere.fr, Aug. 27)Trucks were moving additional freight in anticipation of customs duties going into effect at year’s end, as France closed its borders to traffic from England on Dec. 20. This provoked a huge traffic jam. In days, some 17,000 large trucks stacked up in England’s southeast where the ferries and tunnel to France are located. Drivers had no toilets and no food, with many upset they were not getting home for Christmas.Both the ETF and Unite worked to resolve this problem, which involved testing and quarantine facilities for drivers who tested positive for COVID-19. This immense jam showed how sensitive traffic between England and France is to any hitches.Unions representing truck drivers, who will be immediately affected by Brexit, are working hard to keep the costs and pressures of Brexit off the backs of workers. 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Contrary to popular belief, “Basilica Monday” — which is this Monday — is not the only day of the year people can make a wedding reservation in the Basilica of the Sacred Heart, Lady Chapel or Log Chapel. That doesn’t stop prospective brides and grooms from flooding Amy Huber, administrative assistant for the Basilica of the Sacred Heart, with calls starting at 8 a.m. Monday trying to reserve their dream date.“I always find it funny when the grooms have not yet asked, and they ask me to keep it on the low-down,” she said. “I always have a couple of those a year — I’ve already had some calls this year asking to make sure it wasn’t announced.”A few of those overeager brides and grooms have had to call to cancel their reservations, Huber said.Overall, Huber said she will probably take 60 or 70 reservations Monday, most for spots in the summer of 2018.“Just to give you an idea, we have 134 spots available for weddings for 2018,” she said. “Eight of those dates go to Sacred Heart Parish parishioners. All of the afternoon summer spots will go that day, and that’s why we have such an influx of calls.” Huber said the calendar opens in March so she can figure out which weekends are “blocked out” because of home football games and other events on campus, such as Welcome Weekend, Junior Parents Weekend and Holy Orders for priests. “The football schedule just came out [Thursday], so I’m crazy busy fixing my database, because what I thought was the football schedule has changed a little bit,” she said. For weekends that aren’t “blocked out,” wedding times are Saturdays at 9 a.m., 11 a.m., 1 p.m. and 3 p.m., with summer Fridays slots at 1 p.m. and 3 p.m. To be married at the Basilica of the Sacred Heart, either the bride or the groom must be a member of Sacred Heart Parish, current Notre Dame student, an alum or — starting last year — a current faculty or staff member who has been employed by the University for a minimum of five years.“All of my Saturdays in May, June and July — afternoon slots — will go,” Huber said. “I usually will have leftover Friday mornings. I still have 9 a.m.’s left in 2017 that are available. It’s not like the calendar totally books every year. We always have open slots; it’s just not as desired dates as what people want. We still have some December dates for this year.” Huber also takes the reservations for other events in the Basilica, including baptisms.“I’ve been here long enough that I’m now scheduling the baptisms for couples I helped make reservations [for],” she said. “So it’s nice to see they’re still together and starting a family.” For those hoping to get their dream date, Huber said to be persistent.“Be patient and keep trying,” she said. “I just called OIT [on Friday] and had my voicemail shut off. When someone is calling me, they’ll hear a busy signal. Just be patient and keep hitting redial. The calls should go quickly.”Tags: Basilica Monday, Basilica of the Sacred Heart, marriage, wedding
The Nelson Daily SportsThe Nelson Leafs managed to hold off a charge from some top competition to finish fourth overall at the Salmon Arm Minor Hockey Bantam Rep Tournament Sunday in the Shuswap Country.The Leafs dropped a semi final contest to the eventual champion from Aldergrove in the team’s final contest Sunday.“We are a Tier III team . . . and this was a Tier II (12-team) tournament so the boys performance exceeded our expectations,” said Nelson coach Jeff Hunt.“In addition, we had two defence injured and one recovering from injury so one forward (Nolan Percival, Grayson Reitmeier or Michael Viala) had to alternate to defence for the weekend,” Hunt added.The Leafs pulled out two come from behind wins over Williams Lake and Salmon Arm before dropping a close two-goal contest to a team from Vancouver.In the first three games Nelson allowed a minuscule seven goals thanks to some solid netminding.“Our goalies Adam Maida and Brayden Pompou were outstanding,” Hunt exclaimed.Brandon Sookro and Viala led the team in scoring. The Reps consist of 14 players and two goalies, with two of the skaters from [email protected]
Rossland/Trail scored early and often en route to a 14-4 victory over Castlegar/Nelson Rebels in game two of the West Kootenay Midget Rep Playoff series last week at the Cominco Arena in Trail.Rossland/Trail wins the first-team-to-four-points series 4-0.Colton Steeds, Tyler Chernenkoff, Joe Gauthier and Trevor Rigby scored for Castlegar/Nelson.Rossland/Trail scored four times in the first period, four in the second before exploding for six markers in the third.Rossland/Trail now advance to the Midget Rep provincials later in March.
Donegal star Colm McFadden has insisted he will be part of the Donegal set up in 2014 quelling rumours that he was going to walk away from the panel, however Rory Kavanagh’s future is less clear after he said he needs to take time to think about it. St.Michael’s clubman McFadden has insisted their is still plenty of football left in him and he isn’t ready to walk just yet.McFadden said, “I think there’s plenty of football left in me and plenty of football left in this squad.”“We all need to take a break and regroup in the winter time and try and come back stronger.”Rory Kavanagh has said that he will speak to friends and family over the next few weeks to see were is at in terms of being able to continue playing inter-county football.Kavanagh said, “I’ll talk to friends and family over the winter and see were I stand. I’m not going to make any rash decisions. It takes huge commitment.Rumours had spread on social networking sites suggesting Frank McGlynn had retired from inter-county football but these rumours have been denied.It is expected that many of the senior figures in the squad will wait and see if Jim McGuinness stays on as manager until they decide on their own futures at this level.MCFADDEN TO STAY ON BUT KAVANAGH UNDECIDED was last modified: August 8th, 2013 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Colm McFaddenCommitmentdonegalFuturesJim McGuinnessRory KavanaghUndecided
Fortuna >> For the opening six minutes at Damon Gymnasium, there wasn’t much separation between Fortuna and South Fork.The Huskies changed that in a hurry.Led by guards Sam Betts and Zac Claus, the Fortuna boys basketball team used a monster 29-13 run in the final nine-plus minutes of the first half to roar their way to a 70-46 win over South Fork in non-league action on Wednesday night.“So far this season we’ve struggled a little bit and needed to improve on starting the game and finishing …
10 May 2007South Africa is re-launching its Khomanani campaign, with the health department this time putting more emphasis on HIV/Aids treatment, care and support.Department of Health director-general Thami Mseleku was addressing the media in Pretoria on Wednesday, where his department awarded the campaign tender, worth R190-million over the next two years, to the Sizwe Ntsaluba Khomanani Team.The team is a consortium consisting of four companies, namely Sizwe Ntsaluba VSP, Sadmon Projects and Consulting, Izwi Multimedia and TBWA Hunt Lascaris.“This is the consortium that we will be working with over the next two years in an effort to intensify our prevention interventions and enhance access to treatment, care and support services for HIV and Aids.“The campaign will encourage people to maintain good health through healthy lifestyle choices such as safe sex, good nutrition and regular physical activities,” Mseleku said.The campaign will focus on accelerated HIV/Aids prevention; care, treatment and support; nutrition and HIV/Aids; health promotion; and HIV/Aids and tuberculosis (TB).The Khomanani campaign, which means “Caring Together”, is expected to play a critical role in the implementation of the national strategic plan for HIV/Aids for 2007-2011, which serves as a framework for South Africa’s response.Mseleku noted that the plan places responsibilities on all sectors to contribute to the response to HIV/Aids and other sexually transmitted infections.He said the department would however still be in charge of the implementation of programmes that would see the success of the strategic plan.The primary goal of the plan is to reduce the rate of new HIV infections and mitigate the impact of Aids on individuals, families and communities.It further aims to achieve a 50% reduction in the rate of new infections and provide an appropriate package of treatment, care and support services to at least 80% of people living with HIV/Aids and their families by 2011.Mseleku said this communication initiative would also assist the department in its broader Healthy Lifestyles Campaign and in intensifying TB control interventions.The programme will also discourage risky behaviour such as tobacco use, irresponsible alcohol use and substance abuse.According to Mseleku, the initiative will be crucial in the department’s effort to scale up care and treatment interventions.“It will raise awareness and encourage people to access treatment, care and support services that are now available throughout the country.“Most importantly, it will re-enforce our efforts to ensure that people who are on HIV or TB treatment adhere to their treatment in order to address the challenge of drug resistance to both TB and HIV treatment,” he said.The tender was advertised in November 2006 and 12 bids were received by the closing date in December.Source: BuaNews
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Emily UnglesbeeDTN Staff ReporterROCKVILLE, Md. (DTN) — Weather extremes are a major threat to U.S. row crops, as 2019 demonstrated vividly. But some insects and diseases actually thrive in the chaos of flooding, drought, hail and heavy rainfalls, and they are poised to prosper in the years ahead.Diseases that prefer overly wet seasons, such as sudden death syndrome (SDS) and Physoderma brown spot, or overly dry seasons, such as charcoal rot, are posing greater challenges to Midwest farmers, said Iowa State University Extension plant pathologist Daren Mueller.Mueller hosted a webinar for the North Central Climate Collaborative (NC3) this week, where he highlighted how climate change — and the extreme weather it brings with it — may affect field crop pests.Other winners? Heat-loving insects, like thrips, and the diseases they vector, are on the rise, Mueller noted. Traditionally “Southern” diseases like Southern corn rust and frogeye leaf spot, are also becoming yield-challenging staples in the Midwest in recent years. And diseases with origins in equatorial regions and the Southern Hemisphere, like tar spot and bacterial leaf streak in corn, are suddenly surfacing in the middle of North America.The development and life cycles of diseases and insects are notoriously complex, and many factors influence their rise and fall in agriculture, from economic pressures to evolving pest management and farming practices, Mueller stressed in his presentation. But for many of these pests, the weather changes associated with climate changes can be linked to their ascent as major agricultural pests, he said.So let’s take a look at some of these climate change opportunists.THE EXTREMISTS: SDS, PHYSODERMA AND CHARCOL ROTSudden death syndrome is well known for the abrupt and highly visible interveinal yellowing and necrosis that occurs during the reproductive stages of a soybean field, usually in late July or early August. Entire patches within a field can turn brown and die, causing substantial yield loss.Long before these symptoms surface, the disease is already present, Mueller noted. The fungus, Fusarium virguliforme, thrives in cool, wet soils and infects plants’ roots during the seedling stage of development. When rainfall events occur later in the season during early to mid-reproductive stages, a toxin caused by the disease is flushed up into the plant, causing the dramatic symptoms and yield loss.SDS has become an extremely prominent disease in recent years, Mueller said. “It is now the No. 1 soybean fungal disease as far as yield loss across the north-central region and really across the U.S.,” he said. “It is now a major disease in most soybean-growing areas.”Physoderma brown spot in corn, caused by a fungus called Physoderma maydis, is also thriving in recent years, Mueller added. The disease’s swimming spores infect when heavy rainfall and flooding causes standing water in the whorl of a corn plant — a common phenomenon in the spring and summer of 2019. The fungus causes lesions to form on the leaves and stalks and can lead to a stalk rot later in the season, as well. “This is one where we’ve really seen an uptick in the last five years or so, and this is one that is directly related to having heavy rainfalls very early in the season,” Mueller said.On the other end is charcoal rot, a disease that thrives during hot, dry seasons. Tiny structures called microsclerotia grow inside the soybean’s taproot and stems, clogging the plant’s ability to move nutrients and water, and causing them to turn yellow and brown and wilt. Plant pathologists expect charcoal rot to become more prominent as extreme weather events like dry growing seasons become more common, Mueller said.“Extreme examples — one too much water, one too little water — and there are diseases ready for either condition,” he said.THE INSECT OF THE HOUR: THRIPSThrips love heat. These plant-sucking pests prefer to reproduce when temperatures rise into the 80s Fahrenheit, and they do best in dry conditions. During the drought of 2012, their populations swelled across the Midwest as they assaulted already stressed crops with their feeding, Mueller recalled.But thrips do more than bleed precious moisture from plants; they also vector viruses such as soybean vein necrosis virus, tobacco ringspot virus and tobacco streak virus. Between 2013 and 2017, plant pathologists have seen outbreaks of these viral diseases — a good indicator that thrips are doing very well, Mueller noted.In contrast, viral diseases vectored by another common pest, the soybean aphid, such as the soybean mosaic virus, have been on the decline. One factor seems to be that soybean aphids do not do well in hot, dry conditions — their reproductive abilities slow dramatically as temperatures push into the upper 80s, and they die within days when temperatures surpass 95 degrees, Mueller said.THE SOUTH IS RISING: SOUTHERN CORN RUST AND FROGEYE LEAF SPOTSouthern corn rust has been defying its name in recent years, sneaking into the Midwest as early as July, in time to infect cornfields and threaten yield loss. (See some DTN stories here: https://www.dtnpf.com/… and here: https://www.dtnpf.com/…). This year was no exception, as the disease arrived in Midwest states like Iowa and Nebraska in time to cause yield loss in 2019, Mueller said.The disease usually gets its start each year in Mexico and the Caribbean, but the disease may be overwintering farther north in recent years. Plant pathologists have responded by creating a tracking tool to help growers stay aware of the fast-moving disease during the growing season: https://corn.ipmpipe.org/….Likewise, frogeye leaf spot, long the bane of Southern soybean growers, is becoming a regular Midwest invader, Mueller said. The Crop Protection Network, a research collaboration by U.S. and Canadian university crop scientists, has developed a disease loss calculator for corn and soybeans. It shows that, on average, farmers lost around 460,000 bushels per year to frogeye leaf spot in the Midwestern states between 1996 and 2000 — a 4-cents-per-acre economic impact. In contrast, from 2013 to 2017, Midwestern growers lost 7.6 million bushels — or $1.15 per acre — to the disease. See that calculator here: https://loss.cropprotectionnetwork.org/….“So you can see a very dramatic increase in frogeye leaf spot in these Midwestern states over the last five years,” Mueller said.GLOBETROTTERS: TAR SPOT AND BACTERIAL LEAF STREAKYou have to look even farther south to find the origins of two new invaders — tar spot of corn and bacterial leaf streak of corn.Tar spot of corn was first discovered in the U.S. in 2015 in Illinois and Indiana and has since been documented in eight states, where it can cause serious yield losses in susceptible varieties. The disease’s arrival in the U.S. remains a mystery, as it was previously only found in Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean. See its spread in the U.S. this year here: https://corn.ipmpipe.org/….Likewise, bacterial leaf streak of corn surfaced in Nebraska in 2013 and has since been found in nine other states. The bacteria that causes the disease, Xanthomonas vasicola, was previously most common in the Southern Hemisphere, in places like the Caribbean, Central America, Africa and Australia. (See more from the University of Florida: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/…).How are these distant southern invaders getting here? Scientists are still hunting for answers to this question, but one prominent theory is that they may be moving north on the increasingly severe tropical storms that form near the equator in the Atlantic Ocean and besiege North America each year, Mueller noted.“There is a lot of aerobiology that needs to be sorted out,” he said. “But we are certainly continuing to see new or invasive disease and insects.”See more from this webinar here: https://northcentralclimate.org/….Emily Unglesbee can be reached at [email protected] her on Twitter @Emily_Unglesbee(PS/AG)© Copyright 2019 DTN/The Progressive Farmer. All rights reserved.
Start Free Trial Already a member? Log in This article is only available to GBA Prime Members Sign up for a free trial and get instant access to this article as well as GBA’s complete library of premium articles and construction details. Buying an inefficient refrigerator is an expensive mistake. But at least the solution is simple: you can always buy a new refrigerator.If you build an inefficient house, however, you may have an unfixable problem on your hands. Some newly built homes are so poorly designed, sited, and built that it would be cheaper to demolish them and start again than to correct all their flaws.Assuming you get the details right from the start, the incremental cost of better energy features will be affordable, and you’ll still be smiling when energy prices double. But if you get the details wrong — if you choose cheap windows or build a leaky ceiling — you may be stuck with a white elephant.The great tragedy of poorly built new homes is that many details that would have been easy to include at the time of construction are notoriously difficult to retrofit. To be sure your new home is an energy miser, not an energy hog, follow these ten important steps.1. Design a small houseAvoid the temptation to build big, even if you think you can afford it. If you build a spare bedroom, remember that as long as you own the home, you’ll be paying taxes on it, heating it, cooling it, ventilating it, and vacuuming it. Maybe all you really need is a fold-out couch.If you’ve ever been lucky enough to visit friends in Paris, Madrid, or Rome, you know that it’s possible to live a luxurious, civilized life in a small apartment. If it weren’t for building code requirements, I’d advise you to design your next house like a sailboat; failing that, at least use boat design principles for inspiration.2. Orient the house properlyPassive solar design principles aren’t very complicated; a few…
Georgia-Bama Pre-GameAlabama and Georgia are less than a half hour away from kick-off, and emotions are already running high in Athens. According to media members on the scene, Georgia and Alabama players engaged in some taunting pre-game, with Bulldog players meeting the Crimson Tide as the team took the field. Oh my, Georgia players rushing to the sideline to get in faces of Bama players as they come on the field. Refs had some work separating them— Pat Forde (@YahooForde) October 3, 2015Looked like a good bit of chest-bumping between Alabama and Georgia players when UA came out of the tunnel onto the field— Tommy Deas (@tommydeas) October 3, 2015Alabama player jumped up/down coming out of tunnel in corner of UGA endzone, Georgia players responded with own jumping. But no brawl— Jeff Schultz (@JeffSchultzAJC) October 3, 2015AL.com’s Michael Casagrande has video of the mini-altercation.Almost got ugly pre game. Alabama and Georgia players barking. Refs separate them. pic.twitter.com/0rzui88i5O— Michael Casagrande (@ByCasagrande) October 3, 2015This game is shaping up to be an intense one.